Vocabulary and Speech Exercises

I. Read the following transcriptions. Write them in words and give their Ukrainian equivalents.

[tek'nPlqGI], ["enGI'nIqrIN], ['aIzqk 'njHt(q)n], ['maIk(q)l 'farqdeI], ['GeImz 'wPt], ['nxCqrql], ['lxNgwIG], [mHv], ['kwPlIfaId], [In'vaIt], [rI'peq], ['mPd(q)l], ["xtmqs'ferIk], ['lekCq], [dI'skAv(q)rI], ["kPpINmq'SJn].

II. Substitute the words in bold type by a word or a combination of words from the text.

1. Britain has a long tradition of investigation and novelty in science.

2. The boy was weak and suffered from severe migraines.

3. James went on his studies in London and came back to Glasgow as a masterly instrument-maker.

4. Glasgow University often needed a skilled specialist to mount new instruments.

5. Once James Watt was asked to fix a working model of an atmospheric-steam engine.

6. Watt perfected the model and made one of greatest inventions – a steam engine.

7. Watt’s copying machine was a forerunner of the typewriter.

8. James Watt went on pension at the age of 64.

III. Complete the sentences by addingpersonal,possessiveorreflexive pronouns.

1. James’s parents taught (he, him, his) at home by (themselves, they, their).

2. Being a teenager, James by (his, him, himself) invented a small electric machine with which (he, his, him) gave (him, he, his) friends shocks that made (their, theirs, them) jump.

3. At eighteen James moved to (her, hers, his) uncle in Glasgow.

4. Watt made some inventions. One of (they, their, them) is a copying machine.

5. There is a monument to James Watt in Westminster Abbey. (He, She, It) was erected in 1819.